Recent trends on hemodynamic monitoring in cardiac surgery
There are various modalities for monitoring during cardiac surgery ranging from pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) since 1970s to newer minimally invasive devices like pulse contour analysis devices. Nowadays, even noninvasive devices are used for cardiac output (CO) monitoring in the perioperative period. The primary target to all these devices is to prevent tissue hypoxia and early goal-directed therapy (EGDT)...

http://www.annals.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9784;year=2016;volume=19;issue=4;spage=580;epage=583;aulast=Arora
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