Recurrent constrictive pericarditis associated with seroposi
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Abstract
Introduction
Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon disease characterized by impaired diastolic filling of the ventricles, encased in a fibrotic pericardium resulting from an inflammatory process.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a rare cause of constrictive pericarditis, usually due to a concomitant acute or chronic serositis.

Presentation of case
This paper presents a unique case of recurrent constrictive pericarditis associated with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, requiring pericardiectomy and complicated three years later by recurrent fibrosis, demanding a second pericardiectomy.

Discussion
Defining this entity as recurrent constrictive "pericarditis" might be a mistake, given that a total pericardiectomy was performed in first instance.

No risk factors for recurrent constriction have been identified in the current medical literature, apart from partial pericardiectomy. We cannot demonstrate exclusively that rheumatoid arthritis is a risk factor for recurrent pericardial/epicardial fibrosis due to the rare nature of the disease.

Conclusion
Further large scale studies are necessary to identify the risk factorsfor recurrence.......

http://www.casereports.com/article/S2210-2612(17)30158-X/fulltext?rss=yes
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