Reflectance Confocal Microscopy used to Predict Treatment Ef
Multiple lasers have been used for the treatment of café au lait macules (CALMs) with various results. Objective tools to predict therapeutic efficacy of CALMs treatment is lacking. A Study was conducted to determine whether reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) characteristics correlate with CALMs response to laser treatment.

All CAMLs underwent RCM examination of length and density of dermal papillae followed by 3 sessions of Q-switched alexandrite laser (QSAL). A visual analog scale was used to assess clinical treatment efficacy.

--43 patients were included, 22 had CALMs with irregular borders and 21 with smooth borders.
--Cafe au lait macules with irregular border had shorter rete pegs and less papillae on RCM compared with smooth border CAMLs and responded better to QSAL treatment (2.32 vs 1.10).

In particular, Reflectance confocal microscopy measurement of length and density of papillae were inversely correlated with treatment response. Reflectance confocal microscopy may be a useful tool to predict CALMs response to laser treatment.