Retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy for a horseshoe kidney with
A horseshoe kidney is the most common congenital fusion abnormality in the kidney, occurring in approximately 1 in 400 live births. Several complications including renal malignancies, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, urolithiasis, vesicoureteral reflux, and hydronephrosis can occur in this patient population.

A 28-year-old woman was admitted to hospital because of chronic left low back pain. Microscopic hematuria was not seen. Computed tomography showed the horseshoe kidney and left hydronephrosis. On the basis of these findings and clinical manifestations, the final diagnosis was the horseshoe kidney with left renal hydronephrosis and inflammation.

A retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy on the left kidney was performed. Histopathological examination of the specimen confirmed massive dilatation of the pelvicaliceal system and chronic pyelonephritic inflammation. The patient was discharged on the 7th postoperative day with no complications and no back pain. She remained well at 3 months with normal activity and good cosmetic result.

Source: Medicine: May 2019 - Volume 98 - Issue 22 - p e15697

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