Rhinocerebral zygomycosis with pansinusitis in a 14-year-old
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Abstract

Background
Zygomycosis is a rare life-threatening fungal infection affecting mostly patients with predisposing conditions such as diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency, haemochromatosis or major trauma.

Methods
We describe a case of rhinocerebral zygomycosis in a girl with type 1 diabetes and review previous published cases and treatment options.

Results
A 14-year-old girl with type 1 diabetes mellitus occurred with dental pain, facial swelling, ecchymosis and left eye decreased visual acuity, unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. The coltures of the sinusal mucosa were positive for fungal species belonging to the Zygomycetes. She performed antifungal therapy with posaconazole (POS) with a very slow improvement and a poor glycemic control, leading to blindness of the left eye.

Conclusion
Our report adds further awareness on rhinocerebral zygomycosis and emphasizes on urgent diagnosis and timely management of this potentially fatal fungal infection through an adequate treatment.....

https://ijponline.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1824-7288-39-77
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