Silent embolism of a large thrombus in transit through the p
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Detection of a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is extremely rare due to the transient nature of the process. Authors report an unusual case of a large, paradoxical embolus in transit seen on echocardiography through a PFO that was not found upon atriotomy.

An 80-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with shortness of breath and right leg pain. She was haemodynamically stable on presentation, and her physical exam was unremarkable. An ultrasound of her right leg revealed a deep vein thrombus in the posterior tibial vein, and chest computed tomography angiography showed saddle pulmonary emboli. Transthoracic echocardiogram identified a large thrombus in transit through a PFO, which was confirmed with a transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE).

She underwent an emergency embolectomy. The thrombus in transit was confirmed by TOE prior to bypass initiation; however, no thrombi were found in any chambers of the heart following atriotomy. Her postoperative recovery was uneventful. She had no focal neurological deficits or any apparent signs of large vessel embolization.

Cases of silent embolism have been reported in the literature, although they are rare. To author's knowledge, this is the first case of a large thrombus in transit through a PFO in an elderly female that was confirmed by an intra-operative TOE but could not be found following atriotomy, with no obvious clinical signs of embolization.

Source: https://academic.oup.com/ehjcr/article/5/3/ytab091/6205405
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