Simvastatin induces adverse effects on proliferation and min
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Frequently statins were administered to reduce the LDL-concentration in circulating blood. Especially simvastatin (SV) is an often prescribed statin. Pleiotropic effects of these drugs were reported. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate effects of SV on osteoblastic mineralization.

After informed consent primary osteoblasts were collected from tissue surplus after treatment of 14 individuals. The cells were passaged according to established protocols. Viability, mineralization capability and osteoblastic marker (alkaline phosphatase) were determined at day 9, 13 and 16 after adding various SV concentrations. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis-test.

The cell cultures showed a time and dose-dependent significantly decreased viability and a significantly increased mineralization in a late mineralization stage after adding SV. The typical alteration of the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels during osteogenic differentiation was not recognizable.

The pleiotropic effects found for different SV concentrations were possibly originated from other mineralization pathways beside the ALP induced one. Additionally, possible alterations of protein expression levels during mineralization and investigation of possible deviating application of SV in other treatment fields can be considered after gaining a deeper insight in the affected mechanisms.

Source: https://head-face-med.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13005-020-00232-4
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