Sleep Comorbidities In The Age Of Covid-19
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The Covid-19 pandemic and its expansive impact has upended many lives. As Indians deal with intensified anxiety and insomnia, a chief catalyst and comorbidity of these factors have also grown in prominence. The pandemic has disrupted the chronobiological rhythms influenced by the light and other zeitgebers.

Why is OSA such a matter of concern?

OSA has several health complications, the main being a temporary halt in breathing. People suffering from OSA end up not breathing for a minimum of five and a maximum of thirty-plus times each night. Sleep apnea sufferers are 2.5 times more likely to be drivers in a car accident. Lack of sleep has links with premature illness and death, according to the CDC. Women suffering from sleep apnea have also been found to have polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Challenge and the solution

The biggest challenge that the healthcare community faces is diagnosing sleep apnea. The patients may not know that they have it and don't discuss their sleep patterns. Sleep apnea could stay undiagnosed or, worse, be misdiagnosed as a lifestyle condition or a mental health issue. Now, a sleep test is possible from the comfort of homes.

The next step is the timely treatment for OSA to ensure that airways remain open during sleep. More severe OSA cases require mechanical interventions such as CPAP therapy. Cloud-connected CPAC devices and patient monitoring systems promise to overcome the disadvantages of home recordings and provide an organisational solution to overloading specialised sleep centres.