Spontaneous perforation of common bile duct in a young femal
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Abstract

Introduction :
Spontaneous CBD perforation is one of the rare causes of acute abdomen in infants and extremely rare in adults. It is rarely suspected and correctly diagnosed preoperatively.

Presentation of case :
A 17?year old female presented to Emergency Department with sudden onset of pain and distention of abdomen, associated with vomiting and non-passage of flatus and stool for 3?days and features of generalized peritonitis. On exploration, a perforation of size 0.5?cm in diameter was present on the antero-lateral surface of supraduodenal part of common bile duct (CBD) below the junction of cystic duct and common hepatic duct. Cholecystectomy done and the CBD repaired over a T-tube.

Discussion :
Spontaneous perforation of bile duct should ideally manage with T-tube drainage of the CBD along with cholecystectomy. In case with distal obstruction of the CBD, a biliary enteric bypass should be done.

Conclusion :
Due to the paucity of cases, the index of suspicion for this diagnosis is low. But bilious peritoneal tap, features of generalized peritonitis and absence of free gas under diaphragm in abdominal x-ray may be considered as clues for suspicion. Accordingly, Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment......

http://www.casereports.com/article/S2210-2612(17)30178-5/fulltext?rss=yes
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