Study Evaluates Malnutrition status and clinical indications
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Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune systemic condition that is caused by gluten in genetically prone people which may result in chronic malabsorption. This research aimed to establish anthropometric indices and clinical indications in children with CD, taking into account the changing manifestations of the disease.

Totally, 361 children were eligible and their anti-tissue transglutaminase (TGA-IgA) level, weight, height, and Body Mass Index (BMI) were extracted from their records. The anthropometric indices were presented based on the criteria of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalent symptoms were assessed, as well.

Results:
--Based on the CDC’s criteria, 18.3, 28.8, and 25.8% of the children had short stature, low body weight, and low BMI, respectively.

--These measures were obtained as 10, 22.4, and 13.9% according to the WHO’s categorization respectively.

--Furthermore, the most common symptoms among the children were abdominal pain (56.5%), skeletal pain (28%), constipation (27.4%), and anemia (23.8%).

To summarize, the findings showed that growth failure, as well as low height, weight, and BMI, were common among children with CD. A large number of patients have had skeletal pain and anemia in addition to gastrointestinal symptoms.

Source: https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887-021-02621-3
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