Study finds, Association between Maternal obesity and immedi
The objective of the study is to compare the immediate neonatal complications of obese and nonobese gestational diabetic mothers (GDM). The association between maternal obesity and increased neonatal morbidity in infants of diabetic mothers needs to be evaluated.

677 obstetric patient records of deliveries conducted between were reviewed. Neonatal outcomes of infants of obese and nonobese diabetic mothers (categorization based on prepregnancy body mass index [BMI]) were compared with the healthy neonatal controls born during the study period. Outcomes studied were neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, NICU stay more than 7 days, hypoglycemia, respiratory distress, phototherapy, and proportion of small for gestational age in infants of diabetic mothers. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis used odds ratio and Chi-square tests.

--168 were found to be eligible to be included in the study. 84 GDM cases were matched with 84 healthy control mothers.

--Hypoglycemia, respiratory distress, NICU admission, prolonged NICU stay, and phototherapy were significantly associated with those mothers who had high BMI.

In conclusion, obese GDM newborns have a higher risk of hypoglycemia, respiratory distress, phototherapy, and NICU stays of more than 7 days when compared to nonobese GDM infants.