Study finds Mental Health Outcomes post Gender-Affirming Sur
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Requests for gender-affirming surgeries are rapidly increasing among transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people. The findings of the JAMA Surgery study support the provision of gender-affirming surgeries for TGD people who seek them.

The study objective was to evaluate associations between gender-affirming surgeries and mental health outcomes, including psychological distress, substance use, and suicide risk.

In this study, doctors performed a secondary analysis of data from the 2015 US Transgender Survey. A total of 27715 TGD adults took the US Transgender Survey, which was disseminated by community-based outreach from August 19, 2015, to September 21, 2015.

Of the 27715 respondents, 3559 endorsed undergoing 1 or more types of gender-affirming surgery at least 2 years prior to submitting survey responses, while 16401 endorsed a desire to undergo 1 or more types of gender-affirming surgery but denied undergoing any of these. Of the respondents in this study sample, 16182 were between the ages of 18 and 44 years, 16386 identified as White, 7751 identified as transgender women, 6489 identified as transgender men, and 5300 identified as nonbinary.

After adjustment for sociodemographic factors and exposure to other types of gender-affirming care, undergoing 1 or more types of gender-affirming surgery was associated with lower past-month psychological distress, past-year smoking, and past-year suicidal ideation.

This study demonstrates an association between gender-affirming surgery and improved mental health outcomes. These results contribute new evidence to support the provision of gender-affirming surgical care for TGD people.

Source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/article-abstract/2779429
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