Study finds, Real-time Ultrasound-guided Lumbar puncture in
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A Study was conducted to determine the rates of traumatic lumbar puncture (LP) and overall success rates using the real-time ultrasound-guided technique when performed by a neonatal point-of-care ultrasound provider.

Retrospective observational study of 17 infants in the neonatal intensive care unit who underwent a real-time ultrasound-guided LP. Spearman’s correlation was calculated.

Results:
--The first attempt and overall success rates were 65% and 100%, respectively.
--The rate of nontraumatic LP was 69%. CSF RBC count was inversely correlated with both PMA (Spearman’s correlation coefficient (rs)=0.74) and weight (rs=0.74) at the time of LP.

Finally, this trial is the first one to show great success rates with a neonatologist in real-time ultrasound-guided LP. These studies show that a broad spectrum of weights including premature infants with a weight of 750 g are feasible in neonates.

Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41372-021-01152-0
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