Study finds, Superabsorbent polymer balls as foreign bodies
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A Study was conducted to summarize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of superabsorbent polymer balls as nasal foreign bodies in children.

Researchers retrospectively analysed the clinical data concerning 12 cases of superabsorbent polymer balls as nasal foreign bodies in children and summarized the corresponding clinical features, methods of diagnoses and treatment, and prognosis.

Results:
--12 children with superabsorbent polymer balls as foreign bodies in their nasal cavities presented with relatively severe symptoms, such as congestion, runny nose, and nasal swelling.

--When such foreign bodies stay in the nasal cavity for a prolonged period, patients may suffer from general discomfort, such as agitation, poor appetite and high fever.

--Most of the children had to undergo nasal endoscopy under general anaesthesia to have the foreign bodies completely removed.

--An intraoperative examination revealed significant mucosal injury within the nasal cavity. With regular follow-up visits and adequate interventions, all the patients recovered.

Finally, in the nasal cavity the longer the superabsorbent polymer balls remain, the greater damage will be to the nasal mucosa. In outpatient conditions, it is difficult to remove such foreign bodies. In such instances, transnasal endoscopy under general anaesthetic seems more secure and successful. Because the mucosa in the nose has been damaged to varied degrees, follow-up and therapy for prevention of consequences are also crucial.

Source: https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887-021-02740-x
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