Study finds, about body knowledge in Children with Spina Bif
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Motor paralysis and sensory disturbances are common in patients with spina bifida, as are secondary deformations of the lower extremities and the growth of decubitus ulcers. Secondary diseases may be avoided by having a thorough knowledge of one's anatomy, including recognizing the names, roles, relationships, homology (e.g. upper and lower limbs), and relative location of body parts. The aim of this study was to see how children with spina bifida perceive their bodies, especially their paralyzed parts and related or homologous parts.

Participants included 36 children with spina bifida and 14 control children, aged 5–11 years. They were asked to draw self-portraits, and to answer questions about the names of body parts. The number of drawn body parts in the pictures and the correct response rates to the questions were quantified and compared between children with spina bifida and control children.

Results:
--Children with spina bifida drew fewer hands, legs, and feet than control children.
--In the verbal tests, children with spina bifida had a lower correct response rate than control children on questions concerning the upper limbs, hands, trunk, and feet.

Finally, children with spina bifida have poor visuospatial and lexicalsemantic body comprehension of paralyzed parts and organs.

Source: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ped.14713?af=R
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