Study finds link between Maternal Mental Disorders and Pedia
Maternal stress and depression are associated with infections in offspring, but there is a paucity of data for other mental disorders.

Researchers conducted a retrospective cohort study of 832,290 children. Maternal mental disorders were identified before and during pregnancy, and admissions for otitis media, pneumonia, infectious enteritis and other infections in children before 13 years of age. Cox proportional hazards regression were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between maternal mental disorders and the risk of pediatric infectious diseases, adjusted for maternal age, comorbidity, socioeconomic disadvantage, and other confounders.

Results:
--The incidence of pediatric infection hospitalization was higher for maternal mental disorders compared with no disorder.

--Maternal mental disorders were associated with 1.38 times the risk of otitis media, 1.89 times the risk of bronchitis, and 1.65 times the risk of infectious enteritis in offspring.

--Stress and anxiety disorders (HR 1.49) and personality disorders (HR 1.55) were more strongly associated with the risk of pediatric infection hospitalization than other maternal mental disorders.

--Associations were prominent in the first year of life and weakened with age.

Maternal mental disorders in particular are risk factors for hospitalization of infectious diseases for children. Psychosocial assistance can help women with mental problems lower the likelihood of their children being seriously infected.

Source: https://journals.lww.com/pidj/Fulltext/2021/08000/Maternal_Mental_Disorders_and_Pediatric_Infectious.4.aspx
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