Study on the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women in labor
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In the developing world, Nutritional deficiency anemia is the commonest finding in pregnant women. Lack of a balanced diet, poor socioeconomic status, repeated pregnancies, and illiteracy are seen as associated with Anaemia commonly. Anemia itself results in maternal morbidities and poor pregnancy outcomes. Neonatal morbidities also have a direct equation with anemia. It is a study done on pregnant women in labor with the sole objective to estimate the prevalence of anaemia amongst them and associated fetomaternal comorbidities.

It is a prospective observational study done on 300 pregnant women presenting in labor in Government Doon Medical College, Dehradun. These women belonged to Dehradun and surrounding hilly areas of Uttarakhand. Their haemoglobin levels (complete blood count) were assessed at the time of admission along with other routine investigations. The incidence of anemia was found to be very high (70%). Severely anaemic patient group was found to have a maximum number of fetomaternal complications and blood transfusion requirements.

Conclusions of the study is despite all the maternal welfare programs being run at National levels, it is being observed that there is a high unacceptable prevalence of anemia in pregnant women. This increases their morbidity and mortality. It is a huge burden on hospital finances and blood banks for blood transfusions which are preventable. There is a need to strengthen our health care system at the primary level for pregnant women and teenage girls.