Study shows links between youth distress and stigma around s
The study shows that LGBTQ youth experience stresses related to their multiple stigmatized identities almost daily, and sexual orientation-specific stressors on a weekly basis. These experiences are associated with greater negative emotions that can lead to depression or other mental health issues.

Minority stressors range from hearing homophobic, transphobic, or racist remarks to more severe stressors such as experiencing discrimination, prejudice, and harassment directly related to one's sexual orientation or gender identities.

For the study, nearly 100 racially diverse youth and adolescents between the ages of 12 to 18 were recruited. The participants filled out a daily diary, which consisted of responding to daily surveys. Every day for 21 days, participants received a link to a survey that asked about their experiences in the last 24 hours to gage their level of distress around minority stressors. The questions asked about their experiences with discrimination, prejudice, harassment, and rejection. Participants also completed a psychological questionnaire as a baseline measure.

- According to the study results, the participants experienced an average of 17 minority stressors during the 21-day monitoring period, and some participants experienced even more.

- Most participants attributed these stressors to their sexual orientation.

- Some minority stressors were more commonly experienced than others such as seeing or hearing negative or offensive messages; being made to feel uncomfortable or unsafe because of one's identity; experiencing one's identity to interfere with their life, and being misunderstood.

On days when participants experienced a greater number of minority stressors, they reported higher same-day negative emotions, or "negative affect," a medical term that refers to moods and emotional states. Additionally, the youth experienced heightened negative affect on days when they experienced a sexual orientation-specific minority stressor.

Journal of Counseling Psychology
Source: https://doi.apa.org/doi/10.1037/cou0000556
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