Successful Venous Angioplasty of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
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Introduction
For patients with terminal heart failure, heart transplantation (HTX) has become an established therapy. Before transplantation there are many repeated measurements with a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) via the superior vena cava (SVC) necessary. After transplantation, endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is recommended for routine surveillance of heart transplant rejection again through the SVC .

Case Presentation
A 35-year-old Caucasian male suffered from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with severely impaired left ventricular function for 5 years (the ejection fraction (EF) was approximately 10%). Subsequently, he underwent mitral valve reconstruction and implantation of a biventricular cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). One year later, he had an embolic insult with consecutive hemiplegia on the left side, from which he recovered well. He could be treated on an ambulatory level for quite a long time; however he had recurrent episodes of cardiac decompensation....

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137548/
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