Synchronous adenocarcinoma of the cardia and sigmoid: a case
Adenocarcinoma of the cardia synchronous with other intraabdominal neoplasms is very rare. Published in the journal Annals of Medicine and Surgery, the authors report the case of a Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the cardia synchronous with an adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid both treated simultaneously by transjatal oesophago-gastrectomy and anterior resection of the sigmoid.

A 62 year-old male was admitted for a progressing dysphagia and weight loss. Oesophago-gastric fibroscopy detected an adenocarcinoma of the cardia extending to the distal 2 cm of the esophagus (Siewert typeII). A CT-scan of the chest and abdomen confirmed the cancer of the cardia and also decealed a synchronous tumor of the sigmoid.

Both neoplasms were resected through a xipho-pubic laparotomy, with an ileostomy completing the procedure. Postoperative course was uneventful and ileostomy was closed four weeks later. The patient was subsequently addressed to oncological for adjuvant treatment.

This report supports the indication of aggressive, simultaneous treatment of an adenocarcinoma of the cardia associated with a synchronous abdominal neoplasm, provided that both are resectable through the same surgical access, as anticipated at a preoperative, through diagnostic work-up.

Key takeaway:-
Simultaneous resection of synchronous adenocarcinoma of the cardia and the sigmoid is feasible and avoids possible progression of the untreated neoplasm during the interval between two separate resections, provided that a curative resection can be obtained for both diseases.

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