Tapping-lips aggravated interictal bilateral discharges in E
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder mainly affecting females. One of the main clinical manifestations is hand stereotypies, which is presumed to based on dysfunction rather than on structural impairment. Reflex interictal discharge precipitated by tapping-lips in electroencephalogram (EEG) is a rare phenomenon among RTT.

BMC Neurology 2019 19:77 firstly reported a case of RTT concerning interictal reflex discharge precipitated by tapping- lips. The child, female, 5 years old, presented with a significant regression in motor development and language skills. She almost always tapped the lips with the right hand and stopped only when was interrupted. Her EEG results displayed extensive low amplitude fast wave could be elicited by lightly and slowly- rhythm tapping lips and multifocal bilateral discharges could be precipitated by relatively stronger and quicker rhythm action. It was when the movement stopped that corresponding discharges immediately disappeared. Besides, the reflex discharges were not precipitated by tapping- lips using observer’s hand at the certain tempo and intensity. The hand stereotypies did not respond to antiepileptic drugs.

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