The reverse remodeling of the aorta in patients after renal
Atherosclerosis is regarded as a combination of two major separate diseases: atherosis and sclerosis. Sclerotic component depends on deterioration of elastic properties of the aortic wall and is called aortic stiffness. The most valuable, non-invasive method of aortic stiffness assessment is echocardiography, which allows to calculate the aortic stiffness index (ASI). ASI is an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in different groups of patients. The main aim of study was the assessment of the aortic reverse remodeling in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after renal transplantation (RT).

There is a relationship between renal transplantation and improvement of the aortic elastic properties. The recovery of the renal function allows to initiate the reparative processes leading to at least partial restitution of the structure and features of the aorta, which is called reverse remodelling. Improvement of aortic wall elastic properties after renal transplantation is a continuous and prolonged process.