Thyroid hemiagenesis and Hashimoto’s thyroditis—diagnostic a
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Thyroid hemiagenesis (TH) is a rare congenital disease with absence of a thyroid lobe; most patients have no clinical symptoms. The etiology of TH remains unclear. This article describes a rare case of TH and congenital absence of the ipsilateral parathyroid gland, found during the operation, combined with the autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. A 31-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of a mass in the right neck. Surgical exploration validated the absence of the left lobe of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, and pathological examination of the excised nodules confirmed Hashimoto’s thyroiditis...

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