Thyroidectomy for Graves’ Disease predicts Postoperative Nec
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This study reveals that patients with Graves' disease undergoing thyroidectomy are more likely to suffer from postoperative hematoma and hypocalcemia compared to patients undergoing surgery for other indications.

The objective was to examine the association of Graves’ disease with the development of postoperative neck hematoma.

17?906 patients who underwent thyroidectomy were included. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for differences in baseline covariates. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ascertain the association between thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease and risk of postoperative adverse events within 30?days of surgery. The primary outcome was a postoperative hematoma. Secondary outcomes were postoperative hypocalcemia and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.

One-to-three propensity score matching yielded 1207 patients with a mean age of 42.6 years and 1017 females in the group with Graves’ disease and 3621 patients with a mean age of 46.7 years and 2998 female in the group with indications other than Graves’ disease for thyroidectomy.

--The cumulative 30-day incidence of postoperative hematoma was 3.1% in the Graves’ disease group and 1.9% in other patients.

--The matched cohort showed that Graves’ disease was associated with higher odds of postoperative hematoma and hypocalcemia compared with other indications for thyroid surgery.

--There was no difference in recurrent laryngeal nerve injury among the 2 groups.

In particular, patients with Graves’ disease undergoing thyroidectomy are more likely to suffer from postoperative hematoma and hypocalcemia compared to patients undergoing surgery for other indications.

Source: https://doi.org/10.1177/00034894211021288
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