Tomographic evaluation of the mandibular nerve in the mental
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The study evaluates the prevalence and length of the anterior loop (AL) of the inferior alveolar nerve, nerve emergence from the mental foramen, and prevalence of sensory disorders after implant placement in the interforaminal region.

Four hundred and fifty hemimandibles (225 patients) were evaluated using cone-beam computed tomography and panoramic radiographs. Information on the presence of sensory disorders was obtained from the medical records.

- AL prevalence was 13.6% and mean AL length was 1.25 mm. The false-negative rate for the identification of the AL using panoramic radiography was 58.6%.

- Straight nerve emergence from the mental foramen was the most prevalent, followed by anterior and posterior emergence.

- The incidence of sensory disorders was 4.4%, and 1.1% were related to the presence of the AL.

- When implants were placed within the planned distance of the mental foramen or further, 1.2% had sensory problems associated with the presence of the mandibular incisive canal.

- In cases of distances smaller than planned, 12.9% had sensory alterations. Only five had the AL, with a length between 0 and 4.5 mm.

- However, in four cases, the planned distance was respected and, even so, there was a sensory disorder.

In particular, posterior nerve emergence from the mental foramen was associated with a higher prevalence of AL.

Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2021.05.018
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