Transabdominal fetal reduction: a report of 124 cases
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To prevent fetal loss, preterm delivery, and perinatal morbidity of multifetal pregnancies (MPs), fetal reduction (FR) is offered to some patients. Researchers retrospectively analyzed the data of 124 MPs that underwent transabdominal FR to twin and singleton pregnancies at a mean gestational age of 12 + 6 weeks. FR was performed transabdominally with the injection of potassium chloride into the intracardiac or intrathoracic space of the fetus or fetuses after ultrasound screening for nuchal translucency and anatomical defects. The initial number of embryos were 48 twins, 63 triplets, 11 quadruplets, and 2 quintuplets. The procedure-related pregnancy loss rate was 0.8% (1/124), the overall pregnancy loss rate was 2.4% (3/124), the fetal loss rate was 1.6% (2/124), and the neonatal death rate was 0.8%.

The baby take-home rates were 96% for twin pregnancies and 96.7% for singletons. This study shows that transabdominal FR is an effective and safe procedure with a pregnancy loss rate of 2.4%.

What is already known on this subject?

The incidence of multifetal pregnancies has increased over the years. Because multifetal pregnancies increase perinatal morbidity and mortality due to prematurity, fetal reduction is offed to some patients.

What the results of this study add?

The results of this study add to the growing body of research on fetal reduction. The study showed that transabdominal fetal reduction is a safe procedure with a pregnancy loss rate of 2.4%.

What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research?

The results of this study can be used in counselling couples with multifetal pregnancies who are considering fetal reduction. Further research is needed to confirm the current findings.

Source: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01443615.2019.1677577?af=R
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