Transforaminal epidural blood patch for intractable spontane
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Epidural blood patch (EBP) is a recognized treatment for spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak (SCFL) and is typically administered by the interlaminar approach. Here, we report a case of a patient in whom SCFL failed to resolve after three applications of interlaminar EBPs before finally being successfully treated with transforaminal EBP.

Case presentation:
This article reports a case of a 41-year-old female with a definitive diagnosis of SCFL according to computed tomography (CT) myelography. A fluoroscopy-guided interlaminar EBP was applied three times without resolution of her orthostatic headache. A second myelography was therefore performed demonstrating a leak point on the ventral side of the dura mater. To close the ruptured ventral dura mater, it was necessary to fill the ventral epidural space with blood. Therefore, transforaminal EBP was performed. On spinal CT performed immediately after treatment, the ventral epidural space was observed to be filled with injected blood. Her headache improved the following day, and her symptoms completely subsided after 5 days...

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