Traumatic lingual ulceration in a newborn: Riga-Fede disease
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Background
Intra-oral tumours in infancy often cause distress in both parents and doctors. The differential diagnosis includes several serious and potential lethal diseases, but also relatively benign disorders. We describe a six-month-old newborn with a benign intra-oral, ulcerating mass mimicking malignancy. The lesion was finally diagnosed as Riga Fede disease. In this treatise, the clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis, histopathological aspects, and treatment options of Riga Fede disease, based on a literature review, will be discussed. This report aims the paediatrician to recognize this entity and to prevent unnecessary invasive procedures.

Case report
A six-month-old boy was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery by his dentist because of an ulcerative swelling on the ventral surface of the tongue, noticed by his parents since three months. The lesion seemed not to be painful as there were no feeding difficulties. The relevant medical history did not reveal any abnormalities, especially no neurologic disorders. Family history was negative for developmental disorders and congenital syndromes. The patient did not use any medication at presentation....

https://ijponline.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1824-7288-38-20
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