Treatment of myoclonic-atonic epilepsy caused by SLC2A1 de n
The SLC2A1 gene encodes glucose transporter 1 on blood–brain barrier, which plays an important role in the energy supply for neurons. Mutations in SLC2A1 gene can cause many clinical syndromes, including glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome and many types of epilepsy syndromes such as childhood absence epilepsy and myoclonic-atonic epilepsy, etc. Ketogenic diet has been proved to be very effective on those cases. Clinically, SLC2A1 gene mutations are quite rare.

The patient was concerned that repeated unconsciousness and bilateral limb weakness lasted for 3 years.

After taking whole exome sequencing, we found out that there is a de novo insertion mutation in the patient's SLC2A1 gene, leading to frameshift. As a result, ketogenic diet (2:1, 4 times a day) was used as the treatment. As for the patient, total calories intake per day was controlled at 1190 kcal. The calories per kg per day were 66.11 kcal/kg. The amount of ketone bodies was controlled at 2 to 3 mmol/L and the concentration of plasma glucose was controlled at 4 to 5 mmol/L.

After the launch of ketogenic diet, the patient has been seizure free for nearly a year and stopped all his antiepileptic drugs.

Source: Medicine: May 2019 - Volume 98 - Issue 18 - p e15428

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