Two cases of pregnancy after achieving complete remission of
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Chronic active Epstein–Barr virus (CAEBV) infection characterized by persistent infectious mononucleosis-like symptoms can lead to cardiovascular diseases.

Doctors encountered two pregnant women with CAEBV histories complicated with cardiovascular diseases. A 36-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction due to CAEBV and coronary artery bypass grafting became pregnant. Her left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decreased, and a cesarean section was performed at 36?weeks of gestation. Her LVEF recovered after delivery.

A 32-year-old woman with a history of CAEBV and chronic hypertension was diagnosed with mild pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after conception. She strongly desired to continue the pregnancy. She became complicated with severe superimposed preeclampsia at 31?weeks of gestation, and a cesarean section was performed. Her PAH did not deteriorate during pregnancy or the postpartum period.

Women treated for CAEBV, even with complete remission, require a preconception evaluation focused on the cardiovascular system and careful management of their pregnancy.

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research
Source: https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.14961
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