Type 2 diabetes and its characteristics are associated with
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been identified as a risk factor for poor oral health. Researchers sought to assess T2D status, age at diagnosis, duration since diagnosis, and treatment in relation to a variety of oral diseases.

Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the E3N cohort study which enrolled 60,590 women. Participants' self-reported oral health status and T2D cases were identified using diabetes-specific questionnaires and drug reimbursement insurance databases. The mean age of the women was 70 years, and 4.7% had T2D.

- Compared to women without T2D, women with T2D were more likely to report poor perceived oral health, wearing dental prostheses, and having problems biting and chewing food.

- In addition, for women with T2D, the age at diagnosis (inversely) and the duration (positively) were associated with the likelihood to report poor oral health.

In conclusion for women with T2D, duration and age at diagnosis are associated with wearing prostheses, problems of biting and chewing, periodontitis and gingivitis.

BMC Oral Health
Source: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-021-01679-w
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