Ultrasonographic Experience in the management of Symptomatic
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Introduction
The aim of the present study was to document the role of ultrasound in the diagnosis and management of symptomatic hydronephrosis during pregnancy.

Methods
In this study, we reviewed 36 consecutive cases of pregnant women whose pregnancy was complicated by symptomatic hydronephrosis. In all patients, management was initially conservative (analgesics and fluids) after hospitalization. The following criteria were used to indicate double-J stent placement under US guidance rather than a conservative treatment: persistent pain with no improvement after conservative treatment, progressive hydronephrosis (>2 cm dilatation of the renal pelvis) or presence of uterine contractions.

Conclusion
Conservative management with medical therapy and observation should be the first-line treatment approach. In our opinion a rapid ureteral decompression with the insertion of a ureteral double-J stent, under US visualization, is the safest method in the treatment of pregnant women with obstructed renal systems.

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