Uterine endosalpingiosis: case report
Endosalpingiosis rarely occurs in the uterus. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology presents report a case and review literature to explore its current clinical diagnosis and treatment.

A 31-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for suspected uterine leiomyoma with cystic degeneration based on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging and surgical treatment. Laparoscopy revealed a large cystic mass protruding from the posterior uterine wall. The mass was resected, and a histologic examination showed that the cyst wall was lined with benign fallopian tube–type ciliated epithelium surrounded by normal myometrium, consistent with the diagnosis of endosalpingiosis of the uterus (also known as a Müllerian cyst). Currently, there are 18 cases (including ours) in the literature. Of these, two had a uterine malignancy, one endometrioid endometrial carcinoma, and another cervical adenocarcinoma. The age at diagnosis varied from 31 to 73, with a mean of 47 ± 8. The typical clinical manifestations were a palpable low abdominal mass, abnormal menstrual bleeding, and pelvic pain. Overall, 75% (12 of 16) of patients underwent a total hysterectomy, while 62.5% (10 in 16) had a concomitant bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for nonmalignancy. No recurrence was reported.

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