Utility of Ocular Motility Tests in Orbital Floor Fractures
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A Study was conducted to determine the usefulness of ocular motility testing to detect the presence of muscle entrapment.
It comprised of patients with symptoms of diplopia secondary to facial trauma.

Inclusion criteria:
Age between 20 and 80 years; symptoms of diplopia following facial trauma; presence of orbital floor fracture confirmed radiologically; presence of muscle entrapment confirmed at the time of surgery; best-corrected visual acuity of 0.6 or more.

Exclusion criteria:
Muscle entrapment visible on computed tomography; candidate for immediate surgical correction; prior history of strabismus surgery. Outcome measures: Abnormal Head Position (AHP), Hirschberg Corneal Reflexes (CR), Cover/Uncover and Alternating Cover Test, Hertel exophthalmometry, Near Point of Convergence (NPC), Kestenbaum Limbus test, Red Filter test, and Hess screen test.

Results:
--There were 46 subjects (38 males, 8 females, mean age 27 ± 3.3 SD years).
Pre-operative assessment:
-46 reported diplopia on the Red Filter test and showed some degree of abnormality on the Hess Screen test
-42 showed AHP
-41 had exophthalmometry values that differed 2 mm or more between the two eyes and insufficient NPC.
-32 showed deficits of 3 mm or more on the Kestenbaum Limbus test.
-16 had abnormal Hirschberg corneal reflexes
-11 demonstrated constant or intermittent strabismus.

Finally, even when muscle entrapment is not apparent on computed tomography, ocular motility testing can discern the presence of muscle entrapment non-invasively, pre-operatively, and cost-effectively.

Source: https://www.dovepress.com/utility-of-ocular-motility-tests-in-orbital-floor-fractures-with-muscl-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-OPTH
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