Visual Impairment and macular vascular remodelling secondary
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To assess the frequency of macular cysts (MCs) in retinal detachment treated with silicone oil and evaluate their impact on visual acuity and macular vascularization using optical coherence tomography-angiography.

43 eyes of 41 patients treated with silicone oil for retinal detachment were retrospectively studied. Best-corrected visual acuity and 6- × 6-mm optical coherence tomography-angiography examination at least 3 months after silicone oil removal were reviewed. In eyes with MCs, cyst area was measured on the en face optical coherence tomography-angiography image using ImageJ. Density of superficial capillary plexus and area of superficial foveal avascular zone were generated by the optical coherence tomography-angiography. Density of deep capillary plexus and deep foveal avascular zone area were measured using ImageJ.

25 eyes (58%) presented with MCs. Cysts were exclusively located in the inner nuclear layer in 60% of cases. Mean best-corrected visual acuity in the MC group was lower than that of the non-MC group (P = 0.012). Macular cyst area negatively correlated with best-corrected visual acuity (P = 0.0201). Density of superficial capillary plexus was higher in the MC group (P < 0.0001), whereas area of superficial foveal avascular zone was lower (P < 0.0001). Macular cyst area negatively correlated with density of deep capillary plexus (P < 0.001).

The incidence of INL-MCs after silicone oil removal is high. These are associated with impaired vision and macular vascular remodeling. We highlight their similarity with the “retrograde maculopathy” phenomenon.

Read more : https://journals.lww.com/retinajournal/Abstract/2021/02000/VISUAL_IMPAIRMENT_AND_MACULAR_VASCULAR_REMODELING.10.aspx
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