WHO Celebrates World Breastfeeding Week, 2019 from 1-7 Augus
For infants, not being breastfed is associated with an increased incidence of infectious morbidity, including otitis media, gastroenteritis, and pneumonia as well as elevated risks of childhood obesity, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, leukaemia, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Among premature infants, not receiving breast milk is associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).

For mothers, failure to breastfeed is associated with an increased incidence of premenopausal breast cancer, ovarian cancer, retained gestational weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome.

The Risks of Formula Feeding Versus the Benefits of Breastfeeding:

Compared with breastfed infants, formula-fed infants face higher risks of infectious morbidity in the first year of life. These differences in health outcomes can be explained, in part, by specific and innate immune factors present in human milk. Plasma cells in the mother’s bronchial tree and intestine migrate to the mammary epithelium and produce IgA antibodies specific to antigens in the mother-infant dyad’s immediate surroundings, providing specific protection against pathogens in the mother’s environment. In addition, innate immune factors in the milk provide protection against infection. Oligosaccharides prevent attachment of common respiratory pathogens, such as Haemophilus influenza and Streptococcus pneumonia, to respiratory epithelium, and glycoproteins prevent binding of intestinal pathogens such as Vibrio cholera, Escherichia coli, and rotavirus. Multiple authors have examined associations between infant feeding and cognitive development.

The Clinician’s Role in Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding:

By supporting breastfeeding as the normative way to feed an infant, the obstetrician-gynaecologist can play a powerful role in improving health outcomes across 2 generations by counselling during Antenatal Care.

The World Health Organization recommends a minimum of 2 years of breastfeeding for each infant.

References: https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/pdf/actionguides/doctors_in_action.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2812877/
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Dr. S●●●●a S●●●●a
Dr. S●●●●a S●●●●a Obstetrics and Gynaecology
🙌🏻🙌🏻🙌🏻
Aug 2, 2019Like1
Dr. M●●●●●a K●●●●m
Dr. M●●●●●a K●●●●m General Medicine
So important for a mother to breast feed.If she is not working professionally, full time breast feefing is advocated.The bottom line is that , maximum time of Breast feeding!
Aug 2, 2019Like