Weekly Lonapegsomatropin in Treatment-Naïve Children with Gr
For children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), treatment burden with daily somatropin injections (hGH) is high, which may lead to poor adherence and suboptimal overall treatment outcomes. Lonapegsomatropin (TransCon hGH) is an investigational long-acting, once-weekly prodrug for the treatment of GHD.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-weekly lonapegsomatropin vs daily somatropin. The heiGHt Trial was a randomized, open-label, active-controlled, 52-week phase 3 trial. This trial took place at 73 sites across 15 countries.

This trial enrolled and dosed 161 treatment-naïve, prepubertal patients with GHD. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive lonapegsomatropin 0.24 mg hGH/kg/wk or an equivalent weekly dose of somatropin, delivered daily.

The primary end point was annualized height velocity (AHV) at Week 52. Secondary efficacy end points included change from baseline in height standard deviation scores (SDS).

Least squares (LS) mean (SE) AHV at 52 weeks was 11.2 (0.2) cm/year for lonapegsomatropin vs. 10.3 (0.3) cm/year for daily somatropin, with lonapegsomatropin demonstrating both non-inferiority and superiority over daily somatropin. LS mean (SE) height SDS increased from baseline to Week 52 by 1.10 (0.04) vs. 0.96 (0.05) in the weekly lonapegsomatropin vs. daily somatropin groups. Bone age/chronological age ratio, adverse events, tolerability, and immunogenicity were similar between groups.

Conclusively, the trial met its primary objective of non-inferiority in AHV and further showed superiority of lonapegsomatropin compared to daily somatropin, with similar safety, in treatment-naïve children with GHD.

Source: https://academic.oup.com/jcem/advance-article/doi/10.1210/clinem/dgab529/6323258?rss=1