What Led To a Dramatic Fall In Covid-19 Cases In India? Expe
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The trajectory of Covid-19 cases in India has left open a gamut of theories for experts. What seemed like an inevitable escalation in the cases, rising at a pace quick enough to overtake the United States, fizzled out within three months and displayed India as an interesting case study.

In whatever direction India has moved, it is clear that the country's once sinking health care system has reported a grasp over the disease as reports of burdened and overstretched hospitals have not surfaced from any part of the country. Experts suggest that Indians may have some preexisting protection from the virus.

Dr Daksha Shah, a government epidemiologist explained NPR how Malaria, typhoid, dengue fever are all endemic in India. People with robust immune systems are more likely to survive here in the first place. "Plus, more than half of the population is under age 25. They're less likely to die of Covid-19 and more likely to get it asymptomatically."

The second explanation by the experts points towards a dubious herd immunity claim. Some large areas have reached herd immunity, by falling sick or being vaccinated, that the spread begins to slacken. However, even if herd immunity in some places is partially responsible for the decline, the vast Indian population as a whole remains vulnerable — and must continue to take precautions.

A report by NPR quoted health policy expert Genevie Fernandes who said mask mandates are one of the things that may have helped bring down India's Covid-19 caseload. But experts have noted the situation is more complicated since the decline is uniform even though mask compliance is flagging in some areas.

Could India be underreporting the cases? Or manipulating the death toll?

The Associated Press stated that India, like other countries, misses many infections, and there are questions about how it’s counting virus deaths. But the strain on the country's hospitals has also declined in recent weeks, a further indication the virus's spread is slowing.

According to the serosurvey - a nationwide screening for antibodies by Indian health agencies - estimated that about 270 million, or one in five Indians, had been infected by the virus before vaccinations started — that’s far below the rate of 70% or higher that experts say might be the threshold for the coronavirus, though even that is not certain.

With the reasons behind India's success unclear, experts are concerned that people will let down their guard. Large parts of India have already returned to normal life. In many cities, markets are heaving, roads are crowded and restaurants nearly full.

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