World Glaucoma Week, 8 - 14 March, 2020
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#WorldGlaucomaWeek is celebrated from 8 to 14 March, 2020.
The main objective of this week is to eliminate glaucoma blindness by motivating people to have regular eye check-ups, including optic nerve examination.

According to WHO, there are several types of glaucoma, however, the two most common are, primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), having a slow and insidious onset, and angle-closure glaucoma (ACG), which is less common and tends to be more acute.
It is reported that while anyone has about 2.3% lifetime risk of glaucoma, first degree relatives (FDRs) of glaucoma patients have a ten-fold increase in the risk of glaucoma. So, making FDRs aware of the need for glaucoma by glaucoma investigations including examination of the optic nerve may save blindness in a large number of people.

Glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness worldwide. WHO has estimated that 4.5 million people are blind due to glaucoma. In India, glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness with at least 12 million people affected and nearly 1.2 million people blind from the disease. More than 90 percent of cases of glaucoma remain undiagnosed in the community.

Little is known about the prevention of glaucoma, however, early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to prevent vision loss from glaucoma.

Risk Factors:
- Having high internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
- Above 60
- Family History
- Having certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and sickle cell anemia
- Having certain eye conditions, such as myopia
- Had certain types of eye surgery
- Taking corticosteroid medications, especially eyedrops, for a long time

Source: https://www.nhp.gov.in/disease/eye-ear/glaucoma
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