'World Hypertension Day': Tips To Ensure Accurate Blood Pres
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High blood pressure can cause significant damage to the brain, heart, kidneys and blood vessels. It can lead to a stroke, heart attack including heart failure and kidney failure, if not diagnosed early. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg; high blood pressure defined by a level greater than 130/80mm Hg, said Dr S N Narasingan, President, Indian Society of Hypertension, Board Member World Hypertension League.

India has a high prevalence of hypertension with almost one in every three Indian adults above the age of 60 being affected. Early detection of high blood pressure important but accurate measurement of BP is very significant. These small errors in BP measurements can sway one away from a proper diagnosis and treatment with the right medication. misreading true BP by even a minor mm Hg can lead to unnecessary medication.

Hypertensive people usually get their BP checked through a health care provider in a clinic, at a pharmacy that offers to measure BP, or at home with a BP monitor. While measuring BP is one of the most common procedures there is often a chance to get inaccurate readings. On World Hypertension Day, Dr Narasingan lists a few key tips to ensure accurate BP measurement.

- The correct sized BP cuff needs to be put on the bare arm, putting the BP cuff over clothing can result in an increased reading

- Having an empty bladder is important, a full bladder can exaggerate BP readings

- Talking while taking BP readings should be avoided by the patient and the caretaker

- The arm should be supported at the level of the heart

- The back should be supported

- Sitting with uncrossed legs and feet should be on the floor

- Intake of food, caffeine, smoking and consumption of alcohol should be avoided 30 minutes before measurement

- In the case of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), minimum of three readings to be recorded and the average of the last two readings can be considered as the blood pressure

“These protocols are simple yet necessary and can go a long way in patient preparation and also help physicians, patients and the general public to get accurate BP measurement inside and outside clinical settings. As we are witnessing a pandemic the physicians are using digital platforms for consultation. Hence, HBPM is mandatory for every hypertensive patient which will enable the physicians to control the BP effectively and reduce the health risks,” he said.

Source:
https://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/world-hypertension-day-accurate-blood-pressure-measurement-tips-7315155/
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