Xanthogranulomatous cystitis - Urology Case Reports, July'17
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Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a chronic granulomatous inflammation with rare incidence.Pathologically, XC is characterized by xanthoma cells (lipid-laden macrophages), multinucleated giant cells, cholesterol clefts, fibrosis and calcification. It has been reported in many sites, such as the kidney, gall bladder, colon, appendix, ovary, pancreas, salivary glands and endometrium. But it is extremely rarely discovered in bladder and usually misdiagnosed. Herein, we report a 62-year-old female whose cystoscopic biopsy showed chronic inflammation accompanied with acute episode of inflammation. According to CT scan, pathology of the lesion could not rule out bladder carcinoma. Thus, partial cystectomy was done. But a post-operatory pathological examination of the specimen was finally demonstrated Xanthogranulomatous cystitis...

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