Young Onset T2D Linked To Greater Risk Of Retinopathy in Men
A research revealed that men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) by the age of 40 years appear significantly more likely to develop retinopathy than men who are diagnosed at an older age. Study was conducted on 10,242 adults with T2D and compared patients with young-onset T2D (diagnosis by age 40 years) and those diagnosed at 50 years or older (n = 6627). Within the cohort, prevalence of young-onset T2D was 10.2% in which mean age was 33.3 years at diagnosis and 44.7 years in 2014. In the unadjusted analysis, the odds ratio for retinopathy was substantially higher in both [young-onset] men [odds ratio, 3.0] and women [OR, 2.46], compared with those 50 or older at diabetes diagnosis. They found out that individuals [with young-onset T2D] have a higher level of hemoglobin A1c than those with diabetes onset later in life and not only did the prevalence of retinopathy rise faster in those of a younger age, but it also rose more quickly in men with young-onset T2D than it in their female counterparts. Study showed that men with young-onset T2D were 72% more likely than men aged 50 years or older to have retinopathy.

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https://www.ajmc.com/view/young-onset-type-2-diabetes-linked-with-higher-risk-of-retinopathy-in-men
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