Bridging intestinal failure with Teduglutide
Intestinal failure (IF) describes the state of a person's gastrointestinal absorption capabilities becoming unable to absorb fluids and nutrients needed to sustain normal physiology, leading to severe comorbidities and if left untreated, to death. IF is most commonly seen as a result of short bowel syndrome (SBS). Teduglutide is a glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) analogue used in the treatment of patients with SBS and intestinal failure (IF) as a way to reduce the need for parenteral support. Teduglutide leads to the growth of intestinal mucosa by stimulating intestinal crypt cell growth and inhibiting enterocyte apoptosis. It is usually prescribed as a final treatment step after the diagnosis of SBS-IF is made.

Teduglutide has been previously exclusively used as continuous therapy in SBS-IF, this is the first reported case of using teduglutide as bridging to intestinal reconstruction. The hypothesis of this approach was to achieve an adequate nutritional status for reconstruction without the disadvantages of parenteral support. The controlled application of teduglutide can provide the benefits of preoperative nutritional optimization without the disadvantages of parenteral support and at the same time facilitate an earlier and easier intestinal reconstruction.