Children with atopic dermatitis more likely to have chronic
Chronic school and work absenteeism is more common in children with atopic dermatitis and their caregivers than in those with psoriasis, according to a study.

The impact of childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis on school absenteeism are not fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine the burden and predictors of chronic school absenteeism in children with AD and psoriasis. Data were analyzed from the 1999-2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys, a cross-sectional, population-based study of US health status and function.

-- Among 3132 and 200 children with AD and psoriasis, 1544 (67.7%) and 97 (62.5%) missed more than 1 day, and 120 (3.9%) and 5 (3.6%) missed more than 15 days (chronically absent) per year due to illness.

-- AD was associated with chronic absenteeism overall and with more severe disease.

-- Whereas, no statistical difference in chronic absenteeism was found for children with vs without psoriasis.

-- Parents of children with vs without AD were more likely to miss work for caregiving, whereas parents of children with vs without psoriasis had similar rates of work absenteeism.

Conclusively, US children with AD had increased chronic school absenteeism. Further interventions are warranted to prevent school absenteeism in childhood AD.