Evaluation of the adaptation of complete denture metal bases
Conventional fabrication of complete denture metal bases is being replaced by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems. The adaptation of denture metal bases falls in the clinically acceptable range.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the adaptation of complete denture metal bases fabricated by milling (subtractive manufacturing) and stereolithography apparatus (SLA) and digital light processing (DLP) (additive manufacturing).

Thirty metal bases were manufactured by using the milling (MIL group), SLA (SLA group), and DLP (DLP group) techniques. The silicone replica technique was used to evaluate the adaptation of the complete denture metal bases, and 30 silicone blocks were fabricated. The silicone block was cut equally in the canine, first molar, and second molar areas. The gap between the model and the metal base was measured by using a digital microscope at the 3 locations, and the measured data were statistically analyzed by using a statistical software program.

The gaps measured in the 3 areas showed significant differences in all 3 groups. At the anterior, middle, and posterior areas, the SLA group showed the narrowest gap. The SLA group also had the narrowest total gap of the metal bases.

In conclusion, the adaptation of the fabricated metal bases varied significantly across the techniques used but fell within a clinically allowable range. The SLA group was the most precise in the fabrication of complete denture metal bases.

Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.01.039