Maternal risk factors and pregnancy complications associated
The study suggests that prevention of risk factors, such as hypertension, hypothyroidism, and reproductive tract infections, during pregnancy may lower the incidence of low birth weight neonates.

The aim of this study was to explore the association between common pregnancy complications and low birth weight (LBW) neonates in preterm birth.

The study included 1764 pregnant women who experienced a single birth prematurely. A total of 874 normal birth weight neonates and 890 LBW neonates were included.

Hypertension was the primary risk factor of LBW in preterm neonates, followed by hypothyroidism, placental abruption, reproductive tract infection, abnormal amniotic fluid volume, and fetal distress.

In conclusion, preventing risk factors, such as hypertension, hypothyroidism, and reproductive tract infections, during pregnancy may reduce the incidence of LBW neonates.

The Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Research
Source: https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.14830
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