Mindfulness meditation improves quality of life in heart att
An eight-week program of mindfulness meditation improves the quality of life and reduces fear of activity in heart attack patients, according to research presented ESC Acute CardioVascular Care 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology.

“A heart attack is a serious life-threatening event and survivors can suffer from low quality of life,” said the study author .“One reason is a fear of movement, called kinesiophobia, which limits daily activity due to concerns of another heart attack. The study examined the effect of mindfulness on fatigue, kinesiophobia, and quality of life after acute myocardial infarction.

The study included 56 patients who had experienced a heart attack. Participants were randomly assigned to a mindfulness or control group for eight weeks. Patients assigned to the mindfulness intervention attended an individual session which included a 15-minute description of the technique. This was followed by 15 minutes of supervised practice. Fatigue, kinesiophobia, and quality of life were assessed at baseline and weeks four, eight, and 12 using the Piper Fatigue Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia Heart questionnaire, and MacNew Heart Disease Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire.

The results were;
--At baseline, there were no differences in the three variables between the intervention and control groups. By week four, patients in the mindfulness group had less fear of movement compared to the control group – a benefit that was sustained at weeks eight and 12.

--Patients in the mindfulness group had a better quality of life overall and in all three areas than those in the control group at week eight, while at week 12 they continued to report better emotional function.

--Measurements of fatigue did not vary between the two groups at any time point.

The author said: “Our study shows that mindfulness can reduce the fear of movement and improve quality of life in heart attack survivors, with effects extending beyond the completion of the intervention. One explanation may be that meditation replaces catastrophic thinking with positive thoughts, making patients feel less emotionally and physically vulnerable. The findings suggest that mindfulness may be considered in the rehabilitation of patients after a heart attack. These results are very encouraging but more studies are needed to confirm our findings.”

European Society of Cardiology
Source: https://www.escardio.org/The-ESC/Press-Office/Press-releases/Mindfulness-meditation-improves-quality-of-life-in-heart-attack-survivors