People of color twice as likely to die after traumatic brain
According to a new retrospective review, people of color are more than twice as likely to die after a traumatic brain injury as white people. The study published in the journal Frontiers in Surgery.

The researchers analyzed more than a decade of data related to the health outcomes and demographics of thousands of patients treated for traumatic head injuries at OHSU Hospital, one of two Level 1 trauma centers in the state.

Researchers reviewed outcomes for 6,352 patients treated for traumatic brain injuries between 2006 and 2017. The overall mortality rate was 9.9% among all patients. Among the 1,504 patients who identified as racial or ethnic minorities, 14.6% died.

--They found a clear delineation of worse outcomes for people of color.

--The researchers found no bias in the treatment patients received while in the hospital.

--Measurements including the number of days spent in intensive care and charges for hospital services were similar between groups.

Weighted for the severity of the injury, age, and other factors, researchers calculated an in-hospital mortality hazard ratio of 2.21 for minority patients compared to white patients.

"Our findings point to the problem in a more robust and clear way. The problem is rooted in social determinants of health, including factors such as diet, lifestyle, occupations, and access to health care."