Peptide 17 alleviates early hypertensive renal injury by reg
Hypertensive nephropathy is embodied by kidney tissue fibrosis and glomerular sclerosis, as well as renal inflammation. The Hippo/YAP (yes-associated protein, YAP) axis has been reported to promote inflammation and fibrosis and may participate in the pathogenesis of heart, vascular and renal injuries. However, the role of the Hippo/YAP pathway in hypertensive renal injury has not been reported so far. We explored the role of the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway in hypertensive renal injury and the effect of peptide 17 on its effects.

Histopathological analyses were performed based on the Masson and Hematoxylin/eosin (HE) staining approaches. Biochemical indexes were determined and immunofluorescence and western blotting were used to detect protein expression levels. The mRNA expression levels were determined by qRT-PCR.

Our results showed that peptide 17 reduced the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and urine protein/creatinine ratio in hypertensive rats. In addition, peptide 17 reduced the histopathological damage of kidneys in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Moreover, peptide 17 downregulated genes in the Hippo/Yap pathway in kidney tissue of SHRs and Ang II-treated kidney cells. The expression levels of inflammatory factors TNF-, IL-1 and MCP-1 and the pro-fibrotic factors TGF-1, fibronectin, and CTGF were increased in the kidney of hypertensive rats, but reversed by peptide 17 treatment. Silencing of YAP had effect similar to that of peptide 17 in vivo and in vitro.

Peptide 17 alleviates early renal injury in hypertension by regulating the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway. These findings may be useful in the treatment of hypertensive renal injury.