Risk of Primary and Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Pati
This study examined mortality, medical complications, implant survivorship, and clinical outcomes in this medically complex cohort. While perioperative medical management during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has improved, there is limited literature characterizing outcomes of patients with pulmonary hypertension (HTN).

Researchers identified 887 patients with pulmonary HTN who underwent 881 primary TKAs and 228 revision TKAs. Patients were followed up at regular intervals until death, revision surgery, or last clinical follow-up. Perioperative medical complications were individually reviewed. The risk of death was examined by calculating standardized mortality ratios and Cox proportional hazards regression models. Cumulative incidence analysis was used for reporting mortality, revision, and reoperation with death as a competing risk.

Results:
--The 90-day mortality was 0.7% and 4.8% for primary and revision TKAs, respectively.

--The risk of death was two-fold higher compared to primary (hazard ratio 2.54) and revision (hazard ratio 2.16) TKA patients without pulmonary HTN.

--Rate of medical complications within 90 days from surgery were 6.5% and 14% in primary and revision TKAs.

--The 10-year cumulative incidence of any revision was 5% and 16% in primaries and revisions, respectively.

Conclusively, patients with pulmonary HTN undergoing primary and revision TKAs had excess risk of death and experienced a high rate of medical complications within 90 days of surgery. Counseling of risks, medical optimization, and referral to tertiary centers should be considered.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0883540321005957?dgcid=rss_sd_all
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